Scale \scale\, v. i
- To lead up by steps; to ascend. [Obs.]
Satan from hence, now on the lower stair, That scaled
by steps of gold to heaven-gate, Looks down with wonder.
Scale \scale\, v. t. [Cf. It. scalare, fr. L.
scalae, scala. See scale, a ladder.]
- Measure by or as if by a scale; "This bike scales only 25
- Pattern, make, regulate, set, measure, or estimate according to
some rate or standard
- Take by attacking with scaling ladders; "The troops took the
- Reach the highest point of; "We scaled the Mont Blanc" [syn:
- Measure with or as if with scales; "scale the gold"
- Size or measure according to a scale
- To climb by a ladder, or as if by a ladder; to ascend by steps
or by climbing; to clamber up; as, to scale the wall of a fort
Oft have I scaled the craggy oak.
Scale \scale\, n. [Cf. AS. scealu, scalu, a
shell, parings; akin to D. schaal, G. schale, OHG.
scala, Dan. & Sw. skal a shell, Dan.
skiæl a fish scale, Goth. skalja tile, and E.
shale, shell, and perhaps also to scale of a balance; but perhaps
rather fr. OF. escale, escaile, F.
écaille scale of a fish, and écale
shell of beans, pease, eggs, nuts, of German origin, and akin to
Goth. skalja, G. schale.]
- (Anat.) One of the small, thin, membranous, bony or horny
pieces which form the covering of many fishes and reptiles, and
some mammals, belonging to the dermal part of the skeleton, or
dermoskeleton. See Cycloid, Ctenoid, and Ganoid
Fish that, with their fins and shining scales, Glide
under the green wave. --Milton
- Hence, any layer or leaf of metal or other material, resembling
in size and thinness the scale of a fish; as, a scale of iron, of
- (Zoöl.) One of the small scalelike structures covering
parts of some invertebrates, as those on the wings of Lepidoptera
and on the body of Thysanura; the elytra of certain annelids. See
- (Zoöl.) A scale insect. (See below.)
- (Bot.) A small appendage like a rudimentary leaf, resembling
the scales of a fish in form, and often in arrangement; as, the
scale of a bud, of a pine cone, and the like. The name is also
given to the chaff on the stems of ferns
- The thin metallic side plate of the handle of a pocketknife.
See Illust. of Pocketknife
- An incrustation deposit on the inside of a vessel in which
water is heated, as a steam boiler
- (Metal.) The thin oxide which forms on the surface of iron
forgings. It consists essentially of the magnetic oxide, Fe3O4.
Also, a similar coating upon other metals
Scale \scale\, v. t. [imp. & p. p. scaled; p. pr.
& vb. n scaling.]
To weigh or measure according to a
scale; to measure; also, to grade or vary according to a scale or
Scaling his present bearing with his past.
To scale, or scale down, a debt, wages, etc., to reduce a debt,
etc., according to a fixed ratio or scale. [U.S.]
Scale \scale\, n. [L. scalae, pl., scala
staircase, ladder; akin to scandere to climb. See Scan; cf.
- A ladder; a series of steps; a means of ascending. [Obs.]
- Hence, anything graduated, especially when employed as a
measure or rule, or marked by lines at regular intervals
Specifically: (a) A mathematical instrument, consisting of a slip
of wood, ivory, or metal, with one or more sets of spaces graduated
and numbered on its surface, for measuring or laying off distances,
etc., as in drawing, plotting, and the like. See Gunter's scale (b)
A series of spaces marked by lines, and representing
proportionately larger distances; as, a scale of miles, yards,
feet, etc., for a map or plan (c) A basis for a numeral system; as,
the decimal scale; the binary scale, etc (d) (Mus.) The graduated
series of all the tones, ascending or descending, from the keynote
to its octave; -- called also the gamut. It may be repeated through
any number of octaves. See Chromatic scale, Diatonic scale, Major
scale, and Minor scale, under Chromatic, Diatonic, Major, and
- Gradation; succession of ascending and descending steps and
degrees; progressive series; scheme of comparative rank or order;
as, a scale of being
There is a certain scale of duties . . . which for want
of studying in right order, all the world is in confusion.
- Relative dimensions, without difference in proportion of parts;
size or degree of the parts or components in any complex thing,
compared with other like things; especially, the relative
proportion of the linear dimensions of the parts of a drawing, map,
model, etc., to the dimensions of the corresponding parts of the
object that is represented; as, a map on a scale of an inch to a
- An ordered reference standard: "judging on a scale of 1 to 10"
[syn: scale of measurement, graduated table, ordered series]
- Relative magnitude; "they entertained on a grand scale"
- The ratio between the size of something and a representation of
it; "the scale of the map"; "the scale of the model"
- A specialized leaf or bract that protects a bud or catkin [syn:
- A thin flake of dead epidermis shed from the surface of the
skin [syn: scurf]
- A series of notes differing in pitch according to a specific
scheme (usually within an octave) [syn: musical scale]
- An instrument for weighing; shows amount of mass [syn: weighing
- An indicator having a graduated sequence of marks
- A metal sheathing of uniform thickness (such as the shield
attached to an artillery piece to protect the gunners) [syn: plate,
- A flattened rigid plate forming part of the body covering of
Scale \scale\, v. i
- To separate and come off in thin layers or laminæ; as,
some sandstone scales by exposure
Those that cast their shell are the lobster and crab;
the old skins are found, but the old shells never; so it is likely
that they scale off. --Bacon
- To separate; to scatter. [Scot. & Prov. Eng.]
Scale \scale\ (sk[=a]l), n. [AS. sc[=a]le; perhaps
influenced by the kindred Icel. sk[=a]l balance, dish, akin
also to D. schaal a scale, bowl, shell, G. schale, OHG.
sc[=a]la, Dan skaal drinking cup, bowl, dish, and
perh. to E. scale of a fish. Cf. Scale of a fish, Skull the brain
- The dish of a balance; hence, the balance itself; an instrument
or machine for weighing; as, to turn the scale; -- chiefly used in
the plural when applied to the whole instrument or apparatus for
weighing. Also used figuratively
Long time in even scale The battle hung.
The scales are turned; her kindness weighs no more Now
than my vows. --Waller
Scale \scale\, v. t
- To strip or clear of scale or scales; as, to scale a fish; to
scale the inside of a boiler
- To take off in thin layers or scales, as tartar from the teeth;
to pare off, as a surface.
If all the mountains were scaled, and the earth made
even. --T. Burnet
- To scatter; to spread. [Scot. & Prov. Eng.]
- (Gun.) To clean, as the inside of a cannon, by the explosion of
a small quantity of powder. --Totten